A refugee defined as “one that flees, especially a person who flees to a foreign country or power.” Throughout history, individuals and groups have left their homes to escape political persecution and other threats. The term “refugee” was first used in France to refer to the Huguenots who fled to other countries after a law protecting their religious liberty was revoked in 1685.
Today, we are witnessing a massive shift of humanity unlike any seen before. More than 70 million people around the world are displaced from their homes. That’s the most since World War II, according to the UNHCR. More than half of refugees are children.
The global refugee population in 2018; 20.4 million refugees were under the mandate of UNHCR and 5.5 million were Palestinian refugees under the mandate of UNRWA
Of the global refugee population was under 18 years of age
Number of refugees hosted in developed regions, while one third of the global refugee population (6.7 million people) were in the Least Developed Countries.
Refugees lived in countries neighbouring their countries of origin
More than two thirds of all refugees worldwide came from just five countries:Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia
Number of refugees hosted by Turkey, for the 5th consecutive year, the largest number worldwide
Unaccompanied and separated child refugees were reported in 2018, number is considered to be a significant underestimate